In 1983, Rajaji wildlife
sanctuary was merged with Motichur and Chilla wildlife sanctuaries and it became Rajaji
National Park. The park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari (also known as Rajaji), a
famous freedom fighter and India’s first governor general. Rajaji National Park covers an
area of 820 square kilometers.
This national park was declared as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger in 2015 and became the second tiger reserve in Uttarakhand and the 48th Tiger Reserve of India.
Rajaji National Park is situated along the hills and foothills of Shivalik ranges in the Himalayan foothills and represents the Shivalik ecosystem. It is mainly covered with diverse forest types ranging from semi-evergreen to deciduous. From mixed broad leaved to Terai grassland and has been classified as Indus-Ganges monsoon forest type. Lofty strands of sal dominate in many parts. Rajaji has dominantly sal forest and a number of other forest types like the western Gangetic moist and northern dry deciduous and khair-sissoo forests. Low alluvial savannah woodlands cover the drier southern parts of the park in contract to the Shivalik chir pine on the high parts of the hills.
The park is known for the many elephants that are living there. With the leopard, tiger and elephant at the apex of the food chain, the reserve boasts 250 leopards, 30 tigers and 600 elephants that soon will be outnumbered. The park contains 55 species of mammals, more than 315 species of birds, 80 species of butterflies and about 29 species of reptiles.
Established : 1983
Area : 820.50 square kilometers
Popular mammals : elephant, leopard, tiger, barking deer, goral and nilgai .
Popular birds : brown hawk-owl, great hornbill, red junglefowl, lineted barbet, crested kingfisher, black-hooded oriole and khaleej pheasant .
Forest type: semi evergreen to deciduous and sal vegetation with grassland .