Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park is known as a tiger reserve. It is located in Mandla and Blaghat district of Madhya Pradesh in India. In 1930, the whole area of Kanha was divided into two sanctuaries, Hallon with 250 square kilometers and Banjar with 300 square kilometers. It became a national park in 1955.

It is the largest national park in the state Madhya Pradesh. Kanha is spread across an area of 940 square kilometers. In 1974, Kanha became a tiger reserve in 1073, when it was also included to Project Tiger.

The major feature of this area is the horseshoes shape valley which is surrounded by the spurs of the Mekal. The landscapes and the surroundings of meadows along with wooded strands and dense maroons of forest offers amazing experiences for nature lovers. This land has been the source of inspiration for Rudyard Kipling, the writer of the famous book ‘The jungle book’.

The land inside the park is full of biodiversity, including several plants, mammals and species of birds. Apart from Royal Bengal tigers, the park has also a significant population of other species, like the leopard, sloth bear, Indian wild dog and barasingha. The barasingha is without doubt the jewel of the park. In old days there were only 66 of these swamp deers in Kanha. But due conservation and management the population has raised to over 400. These deers are living mostly from grass. Tall grass meadows provide them security from carnivore mammals.

In Kanha National Park are living about 22 species of mammals and 200 species of birds. The park is covered with bamboo and sal forest. There is also a museum located in the park, with depicting attributes and activities of the park. It shows the tribal culture of the green state of Madhya Pradesh.

General information

Established : 1955

Area : 940 square kilometers

Popular mammals : tiger, leopard, swamp deer, sambar deer, gaur and wild dog .

Popular birds : Malabar pied hornbill, scarlet minivet, orange-headed thrush, sirkeer malkoha, greater racket-tailed drongo, lesser adjutant and black-hooded oriole .

Forest type: moist peninsular sal forest with bamboo forests, plateaus, meadows and meandering streams .