Ranthambore National park is
one of the best places in the world to see wild tigers as it has a dry deciduous tiger
habitat. The park lies in India’s north western state of Rajasthan, which is established in
1980. It covers an area of 1334 square kilometers. It is named after the historic
Ranthambore fort, which lies within the park. The fort is from the 8th century and the
surrounding area is now covered with ruins. Lake palaces, ancient step wells and cupolas.
These are all remains from the varied and fascinating history of Ranthambore. Later the
forests of Ranthambore became the private hunting place of the Maharaja of Jaipur. After
hunting was banned in 1971 Ranthambore National Park was declared one of the Project Tiger
reserves in 1973.
The park is bound by the rivers Chambal in the south and Banas in the north. The area covers rocky plains, flat hill tops, gentle slopes and precipitous cliffs, covered by dry deciduous forest. The national park covers an area of 392 square kilometers and is rich in flora and fauna. It has thick forests with nullahs and waterfalls. The vegetation of the park is the tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn type. Important tree species are dhok, flame of the forest, ber, aam and acacia lenco phleea.
Ranthambore is famous because of the tiger. It is the home for different sorts of animals like chital, sambar, blue bull, chinkara, wild boar, crocodile, leopard, caracal and hyena. There are more than 300 species of birds.
Established : 1980
Area : 1334 square kilometers
Popular mammals : tiger, leopard, striped hyena, nilgai, caracal, sloth bear, black buck, chinkara, common palm civet and desert cat .
Popular birds : Indian courser, painted spurfowl, Indian skimmer, greylag goose, woodpecker, spoonbill, kingfisher, bittern, flamingo, pelican and stork.
Forest type: dry deciduous forest and open grassy meadows.