Satpura National Park

Satpura National Park is located in the Hoshangabad District of Madhya Pradesh in India. The national park includes Pachmarhi and Bori wildlife sanctuaries. Satpura Tiger Reserve covers 1427 square kilometers of the Hoshangabad and Chhindwara Districts. The name is derived from the Satpura Range. Satpura is a Sanskrit word and means ‘seven mountains’ (sapta means seven and pura means mountain). This area was first explored by Captain James Forsyth of the Bengal Lancers in 1862.

It is one of the first declared reserved forest area of India due its ecological and commercial importance. Satpura National Park is a Tiger Reserve from 2000 and is also called Satpura Tiger Reserve.

About 10 percent of Satpura includes grasslands with natural blanks on Pachmarhi plateau. The reserve is part of a rich central Indian forest ecosystem and rich in biodiversity. The forest area is unique in its ecosystem and have a long history in wildlife conservation which is evident from the list of wildlife species that are currently present. The park has over 1300 species of plants like teak, sal, tendu, mahua (Indian butter tree), bel (stone apple), bamboo and grass. There are about 62 tree species, 30 small tree species, 58 shrub species, 32 climber species and 64 grass species. There are also important medicinal plants and endemic rare herbs. Satpura National Park along with its surrounding buffer zone has a large and diversified population of wildlife which are rarely seen on other national parks. There are more than 50 species of mammals 254 species of birds, 30 species of reptiles and 50 species of butterflies. The Indian giant squirrel is a special feature of Satpura Tiger Reserve as the animal is rare in India. Some famous landmarks in Satpura National Park is Pandav, Dhoopgarh (highest peak of the Satpura Mountain Range), Bee falls, Denwa reservoir, Shri Nagdwar Swami temple and rock paintings.

General information

Established : 1981

Area : 824 square kilometers

Popular mammals : leopard, wild dog, sloth bear, gaur, tiger, black buck, four-horned antelope and Indian giant squirrel .

Popular birds : malabar whistling thrush, malabar pied hornbill, indian paradise flycatcher, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture and winter migratory birds.

Forest type: semi-evergreen sal and bamboo forest with grassland .